Javier, my Weñe (Autobiography) – 5 – por Raúl Iturra

3- Mapuche, Aimara, Spaniards, British, French, and other salads, make up for our Chilean family. I  have heard my adult kindred talking on how all of this different groups arrived in Chile, centuries ago, who was first, and their aims and reasons.


I have asked Abuelo to organize the list of the invaders in a chronological order. First thing we did was a search of the original people that populated Chile. We found out they were a large number of people, named Mapuche people. It was not an invented or crated name; it was the result of their language or of their way of speaking and of naming things, people and activities. When they referred human beings, they were che, as we say people to explain human beings, or land to refer soil, their way of referring people, were mapu.


The way they spoke had its own organization, as in any langue or syntaxes or teleology to explain and to be understood. We did not find out the data of their arrival to the south of the world, a lengthy way separated this nation from their neighbours, the Quechua Nation, or the Republic of Peru today, and the Aimara ethnical group, divided amongst the new Republics of Chile, at the North East, Argentina and Bolivia, same latitude. Their isolation was remarkable, they did not how to read and write, hence, no manuscripts might prove the age of the nation or their existence.



Alpacas,from higher Perú, were very similar, but did not support heavy                                   


Quechua Nation was the land of the Incas, an extremely cultivated kingdom, where the Inca, always a man, was the King who had a mission, himself and his court: to study the stars, the universe, calculate with mathematical precision the pieces of marble of the buildings where they lived. The kingdom of the Inca, was a hierarchical people: they lived in terraces excavated in the rock of the Cordillera de los Andes. Andes meant floor, large, secluded and well defended of the Andean wind.


The higher the ands was, it caused a problem of respiration for the lack of oxygen. There were a good number of Andes or Anti, the origin of the word: The etymology of the word Andes has been debated. The major consensus is that it derives from the Quechua word anti, which means “high crest”. Others believe that Andes come from Anti Suyu, one of the four regions of the Inca empire. It is more likely however that the word Antisuyo derives from the use of Anti to designate mountain chains. Derivation from the Spanish andén (in the sense of cultivation terrace) has also been proposed, yet considered very unlikely.

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