Javier, my Weñe (Autobiography) –10- por Raúl Iturra





Despite this long story that abuelo tells me and May Malen, we have to define who this people was. Abuelo fears that not even they knew their origins. By the year of 1400, the Inca People discovered a southern ethnical group My sources say this: Chile ( i/ˈtʃɪliː/),[5] officially the Republic of Chile (Spanish: República de Chile [reˈpuβlika ðe ˈtʃile] ( listen)), is a country in South America occupying a long, narrow coastal strip between the Andes mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.


It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. Along with Ecuador, it is one of two countries in South America that do not border Brazil. The Pacific coastline of Chile is 78,563.2 kilometers.[6] Chilean territory includes the Pacific islands of Juan Fernández, Salas y Gómez, Desventuradas and Easter Island.


Chile also claims about 1,250,000 square kilometers (480,000 sq mi) of Antarctica, although all claims are suspended under the Antarctic Treaty. The shape of Chile is a distinctive ribbon of land 4,300 kilometers (2,700 mi) long and on average 175 kilometers (109 mi) wide. Its climate varies, ranging from the world’s driest desert – the Atacama – in the north, through a Mediterranean climate in the centre, to a rainy temperate climate in the south.[7] The northern desert contains great mineral wealth, principally copper.


The relatively small central area dominates in terms of population and agricultural resources, and is the cultural and political center from which Chile expanded in the late 19th century, when it incorporated its northern and southern regions. Southern Chile is rich in forests and grazing lands and features a string of volcanoes and lakes. The southern coast is a labyrinth of fjords, inlets, canals, twisting peninsulas, and islands.[8]XXX Prior to the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, northern Chile was under Inca rule while the indigenous Mapuche inhabited central and southern Chile.


Chile declared its independence from Spain on February 12, 1818. In the War of the Pacific (1879–83), Chile defeated Peru and Bolivia and won its current northern territory. It was not until the 1880s that the Mapuche were completely subjugated.[9] Although relatively free of the coups and arbitrary governments that blighted South America, Chile endured the 17-year long military dictatorship (1973–1990) of Augusto Pinochet that left more than 3,000 people dead or missing.[7]XXX Today, Chile is one of South America’s most stable and prosperous nations [7] and a recognized middle power.[10] It leads Latin American nations in human development, competitiveness, income per capita, globalization, economic freedom, low perception of corruption and state of peace.[11] It also ranks high regionally in freedom of the press and democratic development. However, it has a high economic inequality, as measured by the Gini index.[12] In May 2010 Chile became the first South American to join the OECD.[13] Chile is a founding member of both the United Nations and the Union of South American Nations. (I have kept quotations as they are the link to other sources Amongst others more important, whose quotations are in the text and leads on to other as a hyper ligation, the min one is: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chile. Inca Population had as their aim, to spread their knowledge amongst ethnical groups who lived under a non programmed agriculture, did not know how to calculate their lives and hunted only when their where hungry.


The Inca had a very peaceful aim: to train difficult peoples in foreseeing their future, to read and write and mathematical calculations, how to build houses, construct. They tried their best with the Mapuche and were successful. Mapuche culture, extremely refined, is the result of their learning with the Inca. Unfortunally, in 1539 were discovered by the Spaniards, they were subjected to servitude, until discovering it was a poor Country, there was not gold, the aim of Diego de Almagro, a poor soldier who did not realize that the soil was the wealth of Chile, and went back to Peru. Pedro de Valdivia, Cavalheiro of Extremadura, Spain, well read, with some means, accepted the invitation of the Viceroy Abascal, in a short time organizes and expedition and arrived to Chile in 1540 with Inés de Suáres, his companion, founded the town of Santiago of Chile on February the 12th of 1541.


And this is, My Weñe, how I can explain to you you and May, how the Mapuche is not only a part of Chile and Argentina, but a Nation of its own, as it is today, after having fought Spaniards, Portuguese explorer, as Fernã Magalhães, named also Fernão de Magalhães his Portuguese name, or Fernando de Magallanes by the Castillians of your remote ancestry, who, for the Spanish Crown, discovered, in 1520, the tormentors’ passage from the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic. It is a straight named Magallanes or also the Straight of Beagle.


My dearest grand children, from the Straight of Magalhanes to Cambridge where we have all of us lived and you are still there, I send you a brief story of the Mapuche Nation, on this day, 18th of September 2011, the 201st year of our Independence, the day my Weñe makes a month of life and I, 38th years of, after visiting Chile, was taken to prison by the Chilean soldiers for being a revolutionary socialist, trying to save the Chileans of the exploiters of Chilean wealth, as the Inca did before the Spanish invasion


Why do I write to you in English? Because you are British, as Mum, Dad, Sis May God save the 18th of September, free and democratic, as always!

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